1) 10,000 hour rule: hardwork is the most essential ingredient to achieving whatever it is that one wants to achieve. Empirically, about 10,000 hours of sincere effort it takes to master the things
2) People need to have a certain sufficient baseline IQ to be able to do their job successfully. After this threshold, it hardly matters what the intelligence level ( as measured by IQ ) is as other factors start playing a much larger significant role. This includes things like:
- Practical intelligence ( Robert Oppenheimer talking his way out of a murder rap): knowing what to say to whom, when to say and how to say it for maximum effect. As gladwell describes it, it is about reading the situation and getting what you want. He talks about “concerted education” where parents take active part to fosters their child’s talents, opinions and skills. Children scoring well on this scale are taught and encouraged to argue and question authority, to assert their opinion and have a sense of ‘entitlement’. In short they know that they should and they can customise their environment to get what they want. Also PA is orthogonal to IQ.
- Autonomy, Complexity and a connection between effort and reward are commonly the three qualities that work has to have if people have to be satisfied with it. Only then people are willing to put their heart and soul into it. To quote straight from the book: “Hard work is a prison sentence only if it does not have meaning. Once it does, it becomes the kind of thing that makes you grab your wife around the waste and dance a jig.”
3) Culture: he also talks about the influence of culture using the “Hofstede’s Dimensions”
…To be completed.